Военно-Грузинская дорога

Путь до Тбилиси – самый сложный участок маршрута. Слева — скала, справа – обрыв. Мы едем из Казбеги с столицу. На автобусе

Крым и Карпаты отдыхают. Альпы тоже. Таких красивых и суровых пейзажей вы там не найдете. Здесь и узкие ущелья, и бурные реки, и горный серпантин, и водопады,  и головокружительные пейзажи.  Формально, Военно-грузинская начинается от Владикавказа и заканчивается в Тбилиси. Длина – 208 км.

Дорога пугает своим аварийным состоянием: ямы, обвалы, узкая колея ровно на одну машину, тоннели не освещены, а многие в разбитом состоянии и не используются. Автобус ползет медленно, не более 15 км/ч. Пассажиры притихли, фотографируют пейзажи за окном. Грузия — это бесконечный сплошной серпантин.

Крестовый перевал 2398 км. На улице так холодно, что все задаются вопросом: «Что здесь тогда происходит зимой?» Приборная доска демонстрирует +8˚С, мы закутались в спальники и лишний раз без надобности не покидаем теплый автобус.

Остановка возле арки «Дружбы народов». Арка Дружбы народов России и Грузии со смотровой площадкой была возведена в 1983 году, к двухсотой годовщине Георгиевского трактата о присоединении Грузии к России. Изумительный памятник советской эпохе, иллюстрирующий всю историю Грузии на огромном мозаичном панно.

Смотровая площадка не для слабонервных, один край висит в воздухе. И ветер-ветер-ветер…

Рядом с нами фотографируются немецкие велосипедисты. Велосипед? В горах? В плюс восемь? Этот вид транспорта и их одежды кажутся нам сплошным безумием!

Крепость-церковь Ананури.

Что за странная страна Грузия? Два часа назад было +8˚С, сейчас палит солнце и, наверное, все +30˚С

анануриАнанури — крупный, хорошо сохранившийся замок на берегу Жинвальского водохранилища. Он стоит прямо на Военно-Грузинской дороге, это примерно в 70 километрах от Тбилиси. Главным достоинством замка является его сохранность, все стены и башни, даже перекрытия кое-где остались на своем месте.

Основной функцией замка было перекрывать долину реки в узком месте.

С XVI века долиной реки Арагви, где ныне проходит Военно-Грузинская дорога, управлял княжеский род Эристави. Главная дорога на север из их резиденции в Душети вела через узкое ущелье у слияния рек Арагви и Ведзатхеви (Жинвальское водохранилище было создано в XX веке). В таком удачном месте эриставы построили смотровую башню, а позже форпост, охранявший единственный путь к Дарьяльскому ущелью.

В XVII-XVIII веках эриставы активно вели не только войны с соседними княжествами, но и внутреннюю междоусобную борьбу за власть. Согласно преданию, особенно враждовали два крупных феодала — арагвский и ксанский. Когда ксанский правитель отсутствовал в связи с поездкой в Россию, семью его брата схватили арагвские воины. После возвращения из России ксанский правитель решил отомстить за брата и осадил Ананури, где укрывались обидчики. Осада длилась долго, гарнизон крепости упорно защищался, столько арагвцев было убито, что наступающие использовали их трупы как щиты при стрельбе.

Но штурмом взять крепость так и не удалось. Тогда захватчики разрушили подземный водопровод крепости, вынудив защитников пойти на переговоры. Ксанский правитель обещал всем пощаду, и изможденные защитники, в конце концов, сдались на милость победителя. Только сын арагвского эристава не поверил обещаниям и укрылся в башне Шеуповари. Победители нарушили клятву. Они ворвались в крепость, опустошили монастырь, разорили церкви и разбили иконы. Всех пленников убили, а вход в башню, где заперся арагвский сын, замуровали и подожгли.

От огромного комплекса до наших дней сохранились каменные крепостные стены с главной четырехугольной и несколькими круглыми башнями, два купольных храма, колокольня и другие постройки.

Сегодня в этом месте построено огромное Жинвальское водохранилище, которое доставляет воду в Тбилиси. Протяженность этого водохранилища около десяти километров и с крепости открывается великолепный вид на бескрайнюю водную гладь в окружении гор.

 

По теме Грузия: Грузия на автобусе    Пешком по Тбилиси    Мцхета — древняя столица Грузии    По Тбилиси на автобусе    Пещера Цхалтубо    Скальный город Уплисцихе    Черный пляж в Уреках    Боржоми — город-курорт    Гори — отчий дом Иосифа    Атмосферный город Кутаиси    Ночной Батуми

39 thoughts on “Военно-Грузинская дорога

  1. It’s really hard to find good quality content like yours these days. I have just learned new things through your article. A big thanks for your article.

  2. Any group would besuper lucky to have you on it. {It’s very informative and you are obviously very knowledgeable in this area.|I really enjoyed reading this.|I don’t fully understand what you are trying to say.|You have brought up some very unique ideas.|Looking forward to reading moreAnd to think, I was confused a seconds ago. Thank you for putting this up on your site.

  3. {If your write ups are always this helpful, I will be returning soon.|You has interesting and great content.|How much time have you been a guru on this topic?|Right now you are seriously blowing my mind. Seriously! My reality is blown!|You have really hit the nail on the head.|You are clearly very knowledgeable.|Beyond useful information.|You’re a very informative blog content creator.|You have just made my year a great one.|I first came to your website about 9 months ago and it is really nice to see you’re still here. Would you recommend using this in a work environment? I seriously appreciate this page. I’ve been looking almost everywhere online for this information.

  4. {This awesome points truly has all of the information anyone could need.|I talked about these very points to my professor the other day and they could not offer a rebuttal.|I’mofficially impressed, I need to say.|I guess the shorter answer is that I don’t know very much about this issue, the longer answer might be I’m going to understand all I’m able toI’m really beyond blown away, I have to tell you. I totally felt my brain expand when I read your post. Where did you discover so much about this stuff? Colors seem way brighter when you are around.

  5. You have a number of great facts there. {I would like to say good blog!|You sure have a ton of information on this topic.|Looking forward to seeing moreIf your write ups are always this useful, I will be returning soon. How would you suggest applying these tips in a work place environment? It is very helpful and I bet you’re very knowledgeable in this area. Google pros would agree with your posts.

  6. I seriously love your writing style and how well you express your thoughts. I have taken note of this advice and I will apply it next time I am at work. This sure is a smart way of thinking about it. Your writing style reminds me of my aunt back in Kansas. I would like to be a teacher in this issue someday.

  7. You really deserve a big kiss right now. Thanks for this awesome article! I really love articles just like this one. As I apply more of these insights to my daily life I understand how your experience has made you into a top professional in your industry.

  8. I just want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogging and site-building and definitely liked you’re website. Almost certainly I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You really come with impressive stories. Thanks a bunch for revealing your web page.

  9. As I apply more of your tips to my daily life I can see how your years of education have transformed you into a top professional in your industry. It’s almost as if you read my mind! I definitely appreciate this! What you have done here on this site could have a huge impact on the industry. Without proper research, your followers won’t be interested and you could lose credibility. I have been using a etsy ring for a while now and I got to tell you that I’m a big fan.

  10. This is a very well written website. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the web might be a lot more helpful than ever before. I almost always enjoy your articles but I wish you would create more content. These articles are shocking. I guess the short answer is that I don’t know very much about this while a longer answer might be I want to learn anything I can on the issue.

  11. family activities are very nice to have, it also strengthens the bond among family members..

  12. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  13. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  14. Read a blog post recently that you disagreed with? Share your reaction.

  15. I came across your blog after i did a search for the benefits of promotional can holders at Bing. I wanted to say thank you for taking time to create this site and letting me post.

  16. Appreciate it for revealing this kind of with men and women you will learn what you will be preaching about! Saved. Make sure you as well talk to my website Means).. kumpulan youtube terbaik You can have a very backlink commerce deal concerning you

  17. Would love to constantly get updated great blog ! .

  18. Hello! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up with the excellent info you’ve got here with this post. I will be returning to your site for more soon.

  19. You must participate in a contest for probably the greatest blogs on the web. I will recommend this web site!

  20. most cosmetics today are made up of artificial products that can harm the skin, there are still few natural cosmetics on the market,

  21. 迅速恢復肌膚健康,解決所有肌膚問題,注入滿滿爽膚精萃液的面膜。

  22. Time Miracle 時光奇蹟 商品一覽 找品牌 以UrCosme指數高至低排序 第1頁 Time Miracle 時光奇蹟 化妝品商品一覽,提供 Time Miracle 時光奇蹟的產品列表,以UrCosme指數高至低排列,共10件,Time Miracle 時光奇蹟的搜尋結果之第1頁

  23. 1dzqG8 Yeah bookmaking this wasn at a bad determination outstanding post!.

  24. This is a topic that as near to my heart Thank you! Where are your contact details though?

  25. Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this web site.

  26. Vol.95 招來幸福的美肌保養! 化妝品排行榜特別報導 招來新年的好運氣,你需要的是紅潤飽滿的「幸福肌」!嚴選好吸收並…,在排行榜特別報導中可以看到關於Vol.95 招來幸福的美肌保養!的10個編輯部精選商品和網友相關心得。

  27. BOBBI BROWN 芭比波朗 【粉底蜜粉飾底乳】輕透亮BB霜SPF35 PA+++的商品介紹 BOBBI BROWN 芭比波朗,粉底蜜粉飾底乳,輕透亮BB霜SPF35 PA+++

  28. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video too make your point.

    You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence onn
    just posting videos to your weblog when you could bbe giving us something enlightening to read?

  29. I’ve been surfing on-line more than three hours these days, but I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It¡¦s lovely price enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content as you did, the web will likely be a lot more useful than ever before.

  30. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  31. Awsome info and straight to the point. I am not sure if this is actually the best place to ask but do you people have any thoughts on where to hire some professional writers? Thank you :)

  32. HiHelloHi thereWhat’s up, just wanted to mentionsaytell you, I enjoyedlikedloved this articlepostblog post. It was inspiringfunnypracticalhelpful. Keep on posting!

  33. Probably one of the biggest Affiliate Programs out there: http://bit.ly/2ODt2Tt — 30 commission on all products!

  34. That is a very good tip, especially to people fresh to the issue. This is just what I was looking for. This website has some interesting and great content. How many blog posts do you usually create in any given month?

  35. Didn’t believe when I first started, but after my 1st payout realized, that I won’t be doing any other job. Have a look yourself: http://bit.ly/2ODt2Tt — watch video, register for free, then go to your affiliate section and start making 30 commission on all products. Best for people looking to earn around $2500-$3000/month.

  36. My dad wants to be a master in this topic someday. I have been working in the industry for over 5 years and I often visit to this site for the best insider information. I actually felt my brain expand when I read your blog. I am addicted to your article. I’m positive your blog will help all that see it.

  37. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all people you really know what you’re speaking approximately! Bookmarked. Please also discuss with my web site =). We may have a hyperlink exchange arrangement between us!

  38. My wife and i have been quite joyous that Ervin could deal with his research from the ideas he came across from your very own web pages. It is now and again perplexing just to find yourself handing out tips and tricks other people might have been selling. And we all realize we now have the blog owner to appreciate because of that. The entire illustrations you made, the straightforward web site navigation, the relationships you can assist to create — it’s many incredible, and it is aiding our son and our family recognize that this issue is entertaining, which is extremely essential. Thank you for all!

  39. I am glad for commenting to let you understand of the fine experience my cousin’s child encountered visiting yuor web blog. She discovered lots of issues, which included what it is like to have an awesome coaching mood to make many more without hassle know precisely selected extremely tough subject matter. You actually did more than visitors’ expectations. Many thanks for producing the interesting, healthy, educational and cool tips on that topic to Gloria.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *