Скальный город Уплисцихе

Недалеко от города Гори, на берегу горной реки Мтквари, раскинулась странная скала. Весь пологий склон изрезан рукотворными пещерами, называемые скальным городом Уплисцихе. Что в переводе с грузинского звучит как «крепость Бога».

«Крепость Бога» впервые упоминается в летописи II в. до н. э. Его история  удивительна  своей продолжительностью. Люди населяли его на протяжении неимоверно долгого периода — от поздней бронзы до раннего коммунизма. Город начали строить до н. э., а покинули немногим более ста лет назад. Как мы могли пропустить такую удивительную грузинскую достопримечательность? Наш автобус направился по маршруту Гори — Квахврели. Там нас ждал экскурсовод для прогулки в «крепость Бога».

Еще издалека этот причудливый скальный город завораживает своим необычным видом. Словно гигантские поры на скалах зияют пещерные гроты, внутри которых когда-то кипела жизнь. Неожиданный уголок мистической скалистой пустыни посреди оживлённой куринской долины. Здесь были когда-то огромные величественные залы, храмы, жилища, соединенные меж собой извилистыми улицами-коридорами. Трудно поверить, что эта грандиозная титаническая работа по созданию целого города из каменных пород – творение человеческих рук.

Экскурсовод – истинный грузин старшего возраста – делится секретами молодости: «Выпиваешь кружку вина в обед, и кружку вина вечером, вах-вах — сердце не болит».  И куча историй как доказательство. Еле поспеваем за старичком карабкаться вверх! Он успевает по пути что-то рассказывать и показывает как перебраться через горы и сбежать в Китай :-)   Пугает местными ядовитыми змеями, перечисляет экскурсии, которые водит за сутки по этим тропам (есть и украинцы, но мы численным количеством превосходим любую их них), рекламирует вино собственного производства  и толкает авторские экскурсионные брошюры «по приемлемым ценам».

Как мы узнали, 2 тонны вина каждый уважающий себя грузин делает для себя, остальное сдает на завод. Виноград вызревает на солнце без полива, ведь в году 340 солнечных дней.

— Две тонны, — удивляемся мы объемам.

Это еще что? — разводит руками он, — наши предки 15 тонн вина на семью заготавливали. Мы уже так не можем.
На наши восторженные реплики о его спортивной форме, дедулька отмахивается и сообщает: – Моей теще 90 лет и она выпивает 4 стакана вина в день. Видит Бог  проживет еще долго :-) 

Всего в городе насчитывается более 150 пещер, но в былые времена их было 700. Если смотреть на город издалека, то Уплисцихе очень похож на большой муравейник.

Напластования культур заметны здесь невооруженным взглядом. По соседству с языческими жертвенниками и более скромными жилыми пещерками располагаются христианские храмы со сводчатыми потолками и резными колоннами, а отдельно стоящая, непещерная церковь XI века вообще кажется инородным телом.

В пещерном городе сохранился выдающийся двухколонный зал приемов царицы Тамары, с арочными нишами и огромными столбами.  Целыми остались некоторые жилые помещения, винохранилища, части храмов и крепостных стен, потайной подземный туннель, посредством которого Уплисцихе снабжался водой.

Уплисцихе был культовым храмовым городом, крупным языческим центром до принятия Грузией христианства (IV в.). Здесь проходили всевозможные языческие ритуалы, совершались жертвоприношения. Затем здесь стали строить христианские церкви. В XIII веке в результате опустошительного нашествия орд Чингисхана на Грузию, Уплисцихе окончательно пал.

В XIX веке Уплисцихе полностью покрылся слоем земли и песка. Понадобились большой труд и чрезвычайные усилия многих специалистов по раскопке, расчистке, укреплению, реставрации и изучению этого выдающегося памятника в истории грузинской культуры, занесённого в Список Всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО.

Спускаемся вниз и покупаем у дедульки разрекламированное вино, сделанное из пяти видов винограда (8 лари за 1 литр – дорого, но вкусно!). Рядом с пещерным городом разбиваем лагерь. Есть родник с питьевой водой, цивилизованный «М-Ж», столы с лавками. Готовим ужин, пьем вино, накрываем столы, отгоняем от палаток пасущихся рядом лошадей. С наступление темноты разбредаемся по палаткам. Снятся бесконечные лабиринты пещер, каменная мощь древнейших сооружений, люди, обряды. Как хорошо, что мы побывали в этом удивительном месте.

Уплисцихе — скала, где Бог создал свою крепость.

По теме Грузия: Грузия на автобусе   Пешком по Тбилиси    Мцхета — древняя столица Грузии    По Тбилиси на автобусе    Военно-грузинская дорога    Пещера Цхалтубо    Черный пляж в Уреках    Боржоми — город-курорт    Гори — отчий дом Иосифа    Атмосферный город Кутаиси    Ночной Батуми

63 thoughts on “Скальный город Уплисцихе

  1. How could any of this be better stated? It could not. I really enjoy your style of content. Fantastic write up!

    • Hello pleasant web-site! Man. Excellent.. video vlogger indonesia Excellent. We’ll search for your site as well as take the provides nourishment to as well? I’m content to discover a lots of helpful information listed here while in the publish, we want work out much more methods during this consideration, appreciate your giving.

  2. Thanks a lot for sharing your thoughts. If you can, write me an Email and we can chat because I have an idea you will like. You must be really proud of the work you’ve done here. Well this is weird, this site was loaded when I started my browser. I am kind of attempting to learn more on this field.

    • Ordinarily I wouldn’t examine document upon blogs and forums, but I would want to express that this particular write-up really required me to take a peek in in addition to practice it! Your current composing flavor continues to be stunned us. Thank you, really fantastic article.. youtube indonesia

    • Your post on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is awesome. I hope you can continue posting many lot article . Long live http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • The such as you go through my thoughts! A person to learn a great deal of somewhere around this particular, as you published the actual information inside as well. I feel you can do with quite a few r. h. to just make the content home a bit, but besides these very, this is certainly terrific blog aplikasi rekomendasi saham terbaru. An excellent examine. We’ll definitely return.

  3. {If you can, write me an email and we can talk, I have an idea you will love.|I never discovered any other post like this.|Excellent site you have got here.|This will definitely be very useful for me when I get a chance to start my website.|Looking forward to more posts from you.|I am experiencing some of these same problems as well.|Do you have any video of this?|I guess the short response is, I do not know very much about the topic while the longer answer might be I want to discover anything I can on the subject. You could be able to live through an apocalypse. Are there any scientific papers on this subject or any closely related topics? I’m really impressed!

    • Now i’m no longer constructive the spot where you are getting your information, however excellent subject. My spouse and i would need to take some time figuring out additional or perhaps understanding extra. Thank you for outstanding data I became seeking this data for my objective. Now i’m no longer constructive the spot where you are getting your information, however excellent subject. My spouse and i would need to take some time figuring out additional or perhaps understanding extra. Thank you for outstanding data I became seeking this data for my objective.

  4. I have been an expert at this since about 1978. My mom would tell me the same sort of concepts. I guess I really got sucked into this article because when I looked at the clock I was shocked to see that I have spent nearly 5 or so hours on this blog. It is very informative and you are obviously very knowledgeable in this area. This really solved my question.

    • Heya we are for the first time below video vlogger terbaru. I ran across this aboard and I in finding It truly handy & it forced me to be out and about very much. I’m hoping to offer you a thing all over again and also aid other people that you helped myself.

  5. It’s a real pity you don’t have a donation button. I found this website by luck. A close buddy of mine recently shared with me this website and it’s a great resource for my job. This is very informative and I bet you are very knowledgeable in this area. No real feed back on this end, this is simply a good article. Would you suggest applying these tips in a school environment?

    • We’ve find out many excellent products below. Absolutely value social bookmarking to get returning to.. koleksi vlogger terfavorit I personally surprise the way a lot work you set in making such type of superb educational internet site.

    • Your post on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is awesome. I hope you can continue writing many lot article in the future. Viva http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • I’ve truly master some superb material listed here. Definitely worth book-marking pertaining to revisiting. My partner and i delight exactly how so much effort you place to make such a magnificent helpful web page.. aplikasi android rekomendasi saham terbaru

  6. Your writing style reminds me of my roomate back in Utah. You really have a great brain. Your article could not be written any more clearly! Your post is cool! There are certainly a lot of stuff to take into consideration. What you have done here on your site could have a profound impact on the industry.

    • You know thus noticeably in terms of this particular topic, produced me individually think it is at a number of assorted facets. It is including people will not be curious except for it is one thing to use Lady gaga! Your very own stuffs fantastic.. youtube terbaik Continuously attend to that!

    • Your post on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is great. I hope u can continue delivering many more article . Long live http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • You know for that reason tremendously in regards to this issue, made everyone imagine the item at a great deal of several attitudes.. aplikasi android prediksi saham indonesia Their such as women and men don’t seem to be serious other than it truly is something to execute having Lady coo! Your very own stuffs wonderful. Maintain it!

  7. I simply want to mention I’m very new to weblog and really liked you’re page. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You amazingly come with superb stories. Kudos for sharing your blog site.

    • Hello our kids associate! I would like to state that this article is awesome, wonderful prepared and are avalable using approximately very important infos. I’m going to discover excess threads this way koleksi youtube indonesia.

    • Your article on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is very good. We hope you can continue writing many lot article soon. Long live http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • Excellent web site. A lot of practical information listed here aplikasi berita saham terkini. I’m transmitting the item for some associates ans likewise sharing with delicious. And naturally, thank you to your perspire!

  8. It is really suprising you do not have a larger following. My life will be changed forever because of you. I lived out in Utah so I understand what you are talking about here. I’m going to follow you on WordPress.

  9. I named my pet parrot after you! This is simply marvelous! WordPress experts would love this. I’ve really been looking at a few red wine articles because I am figuring out which one to purchase. Might you have any evidence of that? I don’t fully understand what you’re saying.

    • I am exploring on the web over 3 hours right now, nevertheless I never found out almost any useful report such as your own. It is really pretty cost satisfactory in my opinion. In my opinion, in case almost all online marketers in addition to people created excellent information as you performed, the web will be a great deal more valuable than in the past.. koleksi youtube terbaik

    • Your post on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is great. We hope you can continue writing many more post soon. Viva http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • I’ve study some perfectly products here. Worth book-marking intended for returning to.. aplikasi prediksi saham terkini I surprise what sort of ton endeavor you placed to produce this kind of excellent beneficial web page.

  10. {This sure is a whole lot to try and understand and I’m not sure if I am able to really understand what you’re trying to convey.|You really should be thanked way more often than you are.|Your blogs is liked by this girl I used to know.|This website is like the cookies to my tasty milk.|You’re totally right on with this.|I’ve never in my life thought of that until just today.|Just wanted to say fantastic blog!|You have just made my year a great one!|How many people are on your team, if you do not mind me asking.|Try to make the guest write up as excellent as possible by promoting and dropping links.|I seriously love this work a bunch!|I’m probably going to purchase a cbd oil this afternoon.|Really well written article.|It is very informative and I bet you’re very knowledgeable in this area.|How many articles do you usually produce in any given month?|I was checking out a etsy jewelry the other day but I still which one to buy. I am always amazed that you’re somehow capable to write such great content almost every week. This might be a weird thing to to say but… I love your posts. Thanks for this post. I found it to be very encouraging. When I first arrived to your site I thought I knew a lot about this but now I believe I do not know what I am talking about.

    • Many thanks for several other great content vlogger terbaik. The spot different might any person get that sort of information in such an ideal way connected with publishing? I’ve got a business presentation following week, that i’m with the hunt for like information.

    • Your blog on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is great. I hope you can continue delivering many more blog soon. Long live http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • Woah this kind of blog page is amazing i enjoy examining your content regularly aplikasi android rekomendasi saham indonesia. Keep up to date the great art! You recognize, many individuals need spherical just for this information, you could possibly help these people drastically.

  11. Hello! I just would want to give a huge thumbs up for your excellent info you might have here with this post. We are returning to your website for much more soon.

    • Hi all, You have carried out an excellent job. I’m going to undoubtedly bing it along with singularly suggest in order to my local freinds. Now i am assured they shall be benefited from this web site vlogger terfavorit.

    • Your article on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is great. I hope u can continue delivering many more article in the future. Long live http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • My pal recommended I’d personally similar to this blog site. He / she had been fully proper. This particular article really produced this morning. You cann’t believe exactly how much time period I had put together wasted with this information and facts! Thanks a lot!

  12. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

    • Wow, exceptional web site design! How extended have you ever been running a blog to get? you made writing a . video youtube indonesiablog search uncomplicated. The total view within your site is exceptional, much less this content!

  13. Try to make the guest post as excellent as possible by promoting and dropping links. I really had no knowledge of any of this was happeningtoday. {You really need to be paid way more often than you are.|You clearly know what you’re talking about.|If your write ups are always this useful, I’ll be back soon.|It is weird, I have shared this article with many people, it seems to me like very few people can grasp how important it really is.|Great insights and really simple to comprehend.|I am continually lookingon the internet for insights that will help me.|I just sent your article with a bunch of coworkers and those that see it really enjoy it.|You really appear to understand a lot on this topic.|Don’t be afraid to spread your ideas.|Excellent article, totally what I needed.|I am super on the same side as you.|There’s something about your blog that I find rather alluring and I’d like to discover just what it could be.|I was looking into a mobile app earlier but I still I would like to be a mentor in this issue. I just stumbled on this blog. When I opened my computer this site was already loaded.

    • Thank you every other superb posting.. vlogger terbaik Wherever different may well anybody have that style of info in this particular perfect way with words? I’ve got a speech pursuing week, with this particular for the try to find similarly info.

    • Your blog on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is awesome. I hope you can continue writing many more post soon. Long live http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • Was looking for good writeup. It was a entertainment bill the item aplikasi android rekomendasi saham terkini. Appear intricate to a lot more included agreeable within you! In addition, what exactly is sustain a new correspondence?

  14. Your post on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is awesome. We hope you can continue posting many lot post . Be prosperous http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • Wow, great blog layout! The way prolonged have you ever been running a blog pertaining to? you made writing a blog seem easy. The video youtube terbaik complete look of your respective web site is superb, let alone the content!

    • I’m no longer constructive where you stand obtaining your information and facts, however great matter.. aplikasi android berita saham indonesia My partner and i must invest a bit understanding considerably more as well as doing exercises far more. Appreciate your excellent facts I had been searching for this review in my quest.

  15. Thank you. We appreciate the link.

    • by natural means as if your web-site however, you must test the actual spelling in a number of you. Quite a few will be rife having punctuation concerns and i also to discover them really difficult to tell the truth nevertheless I am going to unquestionably revisit once again koleksi vlogger terbaru.

    • Hello, Neat post. There is a problem together with your web site
      in web explorer, may check this? IE nonetheless is the market leader and a big component of people will miss your fantastic writing due to this problem. http://keo365.com/the-thao

    • I do not know if it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else
      encountering issues with your site. It seems like
      some of the text within your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and
      let me know if this is happening to them too? This might be
      a problem with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
      Many thanks http://www.mbet88vn.com

    • Your article on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is awesome. We hope you can continue delivering many lot post . Viva http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • We’ve understand many good material in this article. Worth bookmarking to get returning to. We shock the way a bunch attempt you’d put in making this wonderful insightful web site aplikasi prediksi saham terkini.

    • As a way to achіeve success witһ freelancing, it is necessary to be self-disciplined, motivated, and organized.

      For those who elect to take the route of freelancing, you will have to be able
      to search ɑnd procurе potential jobs, be very effective in scheduling your
      time, and have good math ѕkills for tһe aim of billіng and taxes.

    • -«`Omar Ibn al-Khattâb faisait la même chose. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dCdNCs_YZc

    • Hey! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
      Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My website looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4.
      I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able
      to correct this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share.
      With thanks! http://cado789.com

    • Superb, what a web site it is! This website gives useful information to us,
      keep it up. http://ztcmedia.mobie.in/tools/sharer/index?url=http://www.mbet88vn.com

  16. It is a fantastic and very helpful bit of information. I am happy that you just embraced this beneficial data around kumpulan youtube terbaru. Make sure you remain all of us informed like this. Thanks for giving.

    • You now know hence substantially with regards to this particular matter, produced everyone singularly accept is as true out of numerous a number of sides. It’s such as individuals will not be curious until eventually it is actually something to execute having Female gaga! Your individual items good. At all times keeping it right up!

    • Your post on ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? | Travel by car is awesome. We hope u can continue writing many lot post soon. Viva http://www.budyanskaya.com

    • Very good post aplikasi android berita saham terkini. I recently stumbled upon ones weblog and tried to say that I’ve genuinely treasured surfing around your blog post articles. In any case I’ll be checking for the rss feed so i we imagine you write just as before very soon!

  17. An intriguing discussion may be valued at comment. I do believe you should write on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally persons are not enough to communicate on such topics. Yet another. Cheers

  18. You currently know consequently a great deal regarding this issue, created myself on their own contemplate it from a number of assorted attitudes. It is including individuals are not intrigued except for it truly is one thing to use Gal crazy! Your own personal items superb. Everyday take good care of this! You currently know consequently a great deal regarding this issue, created myself on their own contemplate it from a number of assorted attitudes. It is including individuals are not intrigued except for it truly is one thing to use Gal crazy! Your own personal items superb. Everyday take good care of this!

  19. HelpfulUsefulValuable infoinformation. FortunateLucky me I foundI discovered your siteweb sitewebsite accidentallyby chanceby accidentunintentionally, and I amI’m surprisedstunnedshocked why this twist of fatecoincidenceaccident did notdidn’t came abouthappenedtook place in advanceearlier! I bookmarked it.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *