Гори — отчий дом Иосифа

Гори — город в центре восточной Грузии, административный центр края Шида-Картли. Но нам он известен по другой причине. Это родина Сталина — деспотичного советского вождя.

В центральной Грузии это второй крупный город после Тбилиси с населением в 50 тыс.человек. Как наш Энергодар, точь-в-точь, только его крупным городом назвать сложно :-) В общем, Гори — это сердце восточной Грузи.

В исторических источниках город известен с VI века, но всемирную славу ему принесло имя «Отца народов» Иосифа Джугашвили, более известного как Сталина, руководившего Советской империей с 1922 по 1953 годы. Похоже, земляки великого диктатора всячески почитают его. Даже главная улица до сих пор названа в его честь – проспект Сталина. Главная достопримечательность городка – это Дом-музей Сталина, выстроенный в виде мраморного саркофага со скульптурой вождя перед ним. Вот с музея мы и начинаем знакомство с городом Гори.

Русскоговорящая дама в парике ведет экскурсию важно и степенно. Мы впечатляемся масштабами личности советского лидера.

Музей построен рядом с домиком, в котором 21 декабря 1879 г . в семье сапожника Виссариона Джугашвили родился великий «Кремлевский горец». Дом, входящий в территорию музея, представляет собой небольшое каменное строение с высокими потолками. В те годы этот дом находился на окраине Гори, на первом этаже жила семья, а внизу, в цокольном этаже была оборудована сапожная мастерская, где трудился отец Сталина. В этом домике Иосиф прожил до четырех лет.

В музее собраны оригиналы писем и записок, фотографии, военная летопись, карты, схемы сражений, личные вещи Сталина, фотографии сыновей Якова и Василия, письма, форма генералиссимуса, посмертная маска. И много портретов в разных ракурсах. Впечатлила также коллекция трубок. На фото — походный чемоданчик.

Экскурсию заканчиваем осмотром личного бронированного вагона Иосифа Виссарионовича.

Это комфортабельный вагон с роскошным для того времени интерьером: зеркалами венецианского стекла, резной мебелью. Вагон установлен рядом с музеем относительно недавно в 1985 году и сохранился практически в том виде, в каком использовался Сталиным во время поездок на Ялтинскую и Тегеранскую конференции. Внутри вагона ничего не переделывали и не реставрировали. Всё, как было при жизни Сталина: кабинет со столом, телефоном и диваном, ванная комната, купе охраны.

Все интересное в Гори сосредоточено вокруг проспектов Чавчавадзе и Сталина, так что можно просто пройтись по этим двум улицам и сделать круг вокруг крепости. В 150 метрах от парка Сталина, у самой крепости, находится горийский собор в славянском стиле. Фотографии этого собора с облаком взрыва на заднем плане обошли весь интернет в дни войны 2008 года. Мы много видели обстрелянных домов и сочувствовали местному населению.

Уезжая из города, около рынка и автовокзала замечаем красивое белое здание. Для нас в Грузии такие постройки стали почти достопримечательностью — это Дом Юстиции — важное грузинское изобретение.  Это место, где гражданин напрямую контактирует с государством с помощью специально разработанной инфраструктуры. Каждый посетитель может получить паспорт и идентификационную карту с чипом; внести заявку на получение гражданства, вида на жительство; зарегистрировать предприятие любого вида или недвижимость; получить любую необходимую справку: свидетельство о рождении, бракосочетании и т.д.  В Грузии придумали объединить это всё под одной крышей. И у них получилось.

По теме Грузия:  Грузия на автобусе     Пешком по Тбилиси    Мцхета — древняя столица Грузии    По Тбилиси на автобусе    Военно-грузинская дорога    Пещера Цхалтубо    Скальный город Уплисцихе    Черный пляж в Уреках    Боржоми — город-курорт  Атмосферный город Кутаиси    Ночной Батуми

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