Белая лебедь Каунаса

Городская ратуша. Ее называют белой лебедью или белой ладьей. У нас на эту «лебедь» были свои планы.

В 1408 году король Великого княжества Литовского Витовт даровал Каунасу Магдебургское право. С этого времени город управлялся магистратом, который заседал в ратуше. Первое здание ратуши Каунаса было одноэтажным. В нем издавались указы, взимались налоги, хранилась городская казна, в подвале ждали наказания осужденные преступники.

В середине XVI века ратушу Каунаса перестроили. Она была дополна вторым этажом и небольшой башенкой на главном фасаде. В XIX в. в ратуше была роскошная царская резиденция. Позднее здесь обосновался Каунасский городской клуб, пожарная станция, русский театр. В XX в. здесь было городское самоуправление, городской архив, а затем факультет одного из институтов.

В 1973 году на первом этаже городской ратуши разместился Дворец бракосочетаний.

Вход наверх в башню невозможен. Просто не предназначен для просмотра туристами. Поэтому, пришлось развлекаться внизу :-)

В стороне находится Костел св. Франциска Ксаверия и Иезуитский монастырь. Оба этих здания красиво украшают площадь.

Здание каунасской Ратуши традиционно для средневековых городов — это колокольня и примыкающий к ней зал городского собрания. В подземном этаже здания располагается Музей керамики, где можно увидеть старинную литовскую керамику, а также работы современных керамических дел мастеров. На углу Ратушной площади возвышается Кафедральный собор Петра и Павла, построенный в начале XV века, — единственный готический кафедральный собор в Литве и крупнейший храм Каунаса (длина — 84 м, ширина — 34 м, высота главного нефа — 26 м). В Кафедральном соборе находится один из крупнейших в Литве органов. Около 40 лет на этом органе играл литовский композитор хормейстер и педагог Юозас Науялис (1869 — 1932). У Ратушной площади находится также костел Св. Франциска Ксаверия в стиле позднего барокко, возведенный монахами-иезуитами в 1666 — 1720 годах, и иезуитский монастырь.  В XIX веке костел со всеми зданиями отошел православным, в советское время был закрыт и превращен в спортивный зал. Монастырь и костел были возвращены иезуитам после восстановления независимости Литвы в 1990 году.

В целом, город без навязчивого туристического сервиса. Спокойный, уютный.

В кафе с вывеской «Zapelini» решили отведать самое популярное национальное блюдо. Одна порция состоит из двух «калачиков» стоимостью 8,5 лит.

Цеппелины или диджкукулиай (лит. Cepelinai, Didžkukuliai ‘диджкукулиай’) — огромные клёцки из сырого и варёного тертого картофеля (сырой и вареный картофель берется в равных пропорциях) с начинкой из мясного фарша.

Тесто клейкое. Сначала кажется откровенной гадостью, приправленное сметаной. Потом привыкаешь и незаметно съедаешь с тарелки всё. Без остатка. Вкусно!

Желудок сыт и доволен, можно путешествовать дальше :-)

P.S. это был автобусный тур с группой по странам Прибалтики 22.05.-06.06. 2014

Также по теме ПРИБАЛТИКА:  Морской музей в летной гавани   Таллин. Город-загадка   Прибалтика на автобусе    Рига — самая веселая столица    Каунасский замок    Музей чертей    Рундальский дворец   Литва. Шауляй   Гора крестов   Музей народного быта   Вильнюс на велосипедах     Республика Ужупис    Вильнюс. Прогулка по городу    Тракайский замок     Юрмала — столица юмора

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